Mega Doctor News
By Chulalongkorn University
Medical results show that music therapy can lower blood pressure, relieve pain during chemotherapy and dialysis, as well as stimulate the brains of older people. The Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts at Chulalongkorn University offers a music therapy program aimed at curing the growing number of patients with various chronic diseases in society.
News – Music therapy is nothing new abroad and is extremely popular. Many in Thai society still lack a proper understanding of the healing process with this science, resulting in a serious lack of support. There are no plans to create qualified personnel in music therapy. Lacking in human resources and knowledge, the value and meaning of music in Thai society is therefore limited in academia and entertainment.
Chula’s Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts recognizes the importance of this science to society. Recently there have been studies of music therapy in patients with kidney failure on dialysis, cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, patients awaiting diagnosis, and the elderly with dementia, for example. The study found that music therapy helps relieve pain, lower blood pressure, maintain normal heart rate, thereby relieving patients’ worries during treatment and while awaiting diagnosis, so that their treatment can proceed smoothly. candy.
“Music therapy is the use of music and musical methods to help restore, heal and improve the emotional, physical and mental state of patients. Therapy must be pre-approved by specialists. Music is used to establish a relationship between the therapist and the patients, and all activities, whether singing, listening to instrumental music or lyrical songs, are designed to adapt to the physical conditions. and mental health of patients, ”said Professor Dr. Bussakorn Brinson, Dean of the Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts, Chulalongkorn University discussing the science of music therapy and the master’s program in music therapy (international program) that the Faculty proposes to train music therapists to serve Thailand, which is rapidly becoming an aging society with an increasing trend in chronic diseases.
Music therapy for the elderly
One of the faculty’s research studies is studying the emotional and socio-behavioral responses of older people after listening to the music of the “Angklung” instrument. The music was found to liven up and brighten up the elderly subjects considerably. They got younger, encouraged and their memories improved. The last days of their life do not pass in vain. Vitality is awakened from within and the meaning of life is restored. Smiles and laughter have started to emerge from the culture of a positive attitude, and the byproduct of therapy is a community of quality seniors.
“The sound of music alone, even without the music therapist, can already cure dementia patients. If their ears can still hear the melodies they used to sing, after a while they can sing along. We believe that the part of the brain dedicated to musical memories stores information for a long time. As other parts of the brain deteriorate, the part with musical memories is like an old data box waiting for the sound of music to unlock it again. Adjacent brain cells will also be rejuvenated, ”said Professor Dr Busakorn.
Music therapy design
Professor Dr Busakorn explained that there is more to music therapy than just listening for relaxation and entertainment. This science focuses on relieving pain and eliminating patient anxiety. Treatment requires the patients’ personal history, such as their current physical condition, mobility, personality, family history, personal history, and most importantly, their preferred musical genres and instruments. The music therapist will gather this information during a conversation with patients, their close friends and family before designing the right bedside music therapy for each patient.
There are many types of music therapy activities, depending on the suitability and needs of the patients, which do not require any training in music.
“We can’t just turn on the music to reduce their pain. The therapist should first talk to the patients and their loved ones. Patients who are immobilized will only listen to music, but for patients who can move, musical instruments are added so that they can touch them. This will help make music therapy even more effective. Happiness is the most important aspect of using music therapy, ”said Professor Dr Busakorn.
Types of therapy
There are two forms of music therapy:
Individual music therapy
Individual music therapy suitable for introverts and patients under close supervision. However, regular patients interested in individual therapy can do so as well, depending on their desire and preparation.
Community music therapy
Community music therapy suitable for people who cannot receive music therapy on their own. The benefit of group therapy is the ability for participants to have conversations with others, which in turn reduces their negative attitudes and heals their loneliness through interaction with others. The music used for therapy is selected from an average score of the musical genres that everyone in the group listens to.
Music therapist course
Music therapists can act much like psychologists, although they are different in their use of non-verbal communication in diagnosing and evaluating patients by observing facial expressions and gestures. They don’t need to say words of encouragement, because everything will be conveyed through the music. Therefore, music therapists must be well versed in a variety of areas including central nervous system, brain functions, psychology, and musical improvisation skills to accommodate the condition of patients. This skill requires a minimum of 900 hours of continuous practice with a certificate of professional competence. “There are few trained and certified music therapists. That is why we launched the Music Therapy Program to train quality music therapists with world-class experts and well-known personalities in music therapy as the course chair ”, concluded Prof. Dr Busakorn.