The proposed law on the teaching profession was submitted to the presidency of the Turkish Grand National Assembly. The teaching profession will be divided into three career stages as “teacher”, “expert teacher” and “principal” after the candidate’s teaching period. Those who receive the title of Specialist Teacher or School Principal will be awarded a diploma separately for each title. The education allowance paid to specialized teachers will increase from 20% to 60%, and the education allowance paid to school heads will increase from 40% to 120%.
With the proposal, it aims to organize the appointments and professional development of teachers responsible for carrying out education and training services, as well as their progression up the career ladder.
Teaching is defined as a specialized profession that undertakes education and training and related management tasks. Accordingly, teachers will be required to perform their duties in accordance with the objectives and basic principles of Turkish national education and the ethical principles of the teaching profession. The working conditions of teachers will be adapted to achieve the objectives set for improving the quality of teaching. Preparation for the teaching profession; general culture, specialized education in the field and pedagogical training / knowledge of the teaching profession will be provided. teaching profession; The candidate will be divided into three career stages as âteacherâ, âexpert teacherâ and director after the teaching period.
The qualifications to be sought among candidate teachers in terms of general culture, specialized education and pedagogical training / knowledge of the teaching profession will be determined by the Ministry of National Education. Teachers will be selected from graduates of higher education institutions that train foreign teachers and higher education institutions whose equivalence is accepted.
The candidate teacher, without prejudice to the provisions of his special legislation, will graduate from higher education institutions determined by regulation in addition to the conditions listed in the corresponding article of the law on the civil service to be appointed candidate teacher. According to the law on security investigations and archival research, the conditions for having carried out a security investigation and / or archival research and for passing the exams organized by the Ministry of National Education and / or the Measurement Center , selection and placement will be sought.
The nomination period cannot be less than one year nor more than two years. During this period, the place of assignment of candidate teachers cannot be changed, except in case of necessity. Prospective teachers will be subject to the Novice Teacher Training Program, which consists of training and practice. Teacher candidates who pass the assessment made by the Candidate Assessment Board at the end of the appointment process will be appointed to teach.
In the evaluation made by the Evaluation Commission of candidates at the end of the program, those who turn out to have none of the qualifications for the appointment, those who lose any of the conditions of appointment during the application period, those who are sanctioned with a salary cut or the end of graduation during the application process, those who do not participate in the teacher candidate training program provided for novice teachers without excuse. Those who fail will be dismissed and they will not be admitted to the teaching profession for 3 years.
Of those expected to be dismissed, those who were appointed to the main civil service after their candidacy was withdrawn in accordance with the Civil Service Law before starting to become a teacher candidate, kazan He will be appointed to the staff with the title of civil servant civil servants according to the degrees of wages earned. The formation of the Teacher Candidate Training Program and Candidacy Review Board, which forms the basis for the training of candidate teachers during the application process, as well as other procedures and principles regarding the teaching process of candidates. applicants will be regulated by regulation.
Teaching career ladder
With the proposal, the stages of the teaching career are determined. As a result, those who have at least 10 years of service in teaching, including the teaching of candidates, have completed the program of training of specialized teachers, which is not less than 180 hours for professional development, and the minimum studies provided for expert teaching in areas of the development profession, teachers who do not bother to stop their progression, can be awarded the title of specialist teacher. can register for the written exam. Those who obtain 70 and above on the written examination for the title of expert teacher will be considered as having passed. An expert teacher certificate will be issued to those who pass the written exam.
Those who have completed the school leadership training program for at least 10 hours for professional development and who have completed the planned studies for the principal in the areas of professional development, among expert teachers who are at least 240 years old service in specialized education and who are not sanctioned for the title of director, can take the written examination for the title of director. . Those who score 70 and over on the written exam will be considered successful. Those who pass the written exam will receive a school principal’s certificate.
Those who have completed their master’s degree are prescribed for the title of specialist teacher; Those who have completed their doctoral studies will be exempt from the written examination for the title of head of establishment.
The periods spent in management of an educational establishment and in contract teaching will be taken into account in the calculation of the teaching period.
From the date on which the appointment of the title of teacher to this function has been approved by the supervisor authorized to appoint; The title of expert teacher or school principal will be used from the date of issue of the expert teacher / school principal’s certificate. Title of specialist teacher or Kazan director Teachers who have changed subject area after graduation, or whose subject area has been removed or whose subject area has been renamed with current regulations, kazan They will continue to use their titles.
Those who receive the title of Specialist Teacher or School Principal will be awarded a diploma separately for each title. Those who have been ordered to stop their progression will be able to apply for the title of expert teacher or school principal after their sanction has been removed from their personal file. The methods and principles relating to the advancement of the career ladder of the teaching profession will be regulated by regulation.
Additional indicators and compensations
In cases where there is no provision in the proposal, the provisions of the Law on Primary Education and Education, the Law on Civil Servants, the Basic Law on National Education and other laws which do not conflict with this regulation will be applied.
With the amendment to the Civil Service Act, education and training compensation for those with the title of expert teacher and school director is being improved. The education allowance paid to specialized teachers is increased from 20% to 60%, and the education allowance paid to school heads is increased from 40% to 120%.
The additional indicators of teachers working in primary staff are increased to 3600. It is envisaged that teachers with other qualifications will also be adjusted according to this increase. While the additional indicator has been determined as 3000 for second level teachers and 2200 for third level teachers; it will be 1600 for the fourth degree, 1300 for the fifth degree, 1150 for the sixth degree, 950 for the seventh degree and 850 for the eighth degree. This article will come into force on January 15, 2023.
With the amendment to the relevant article of the Decree Law on Institutions Providing Private Accommodation Services and some regulations, it is expected that contract teachers will be allowed to relocate due to their apologies for the safety of life and health.
Since matters related to the teaching, qualifications and selection of teachers are governed by this proposal, the relevant articles of the Basic Law on National Education are repealed.
Those who have the title of expert teacher and school principal at the time of publication will benefit from this regulation.