Tertiary institutions in India will need to transform into multi-disciplinary universities by strengthening institutional infrastructure focused on research and education, in line with the National Education Policy 2020, according to draft guidelines released by the Commission on Saturday. university scholarships.
India is seeking to establish a large multidisciplinary tertiary institution in or near each district by 2030. The higher education regulator has sought public comments on the proposed guidelines by March 20.
The draft rules recommend several measures to transform existing institutions, including academic collaboration between them through clusters, merging multiple single-track institutions, and adding multiple departments to existing institutions.
Emphasizing that the culture of establishing and sustaining multi-disciplinary institutes is rapidly growing internationally, the guidelines state that the higher education system in India should phase out stand-alone, fragmented and domain-specific institutions.
The draft guidelines envisage three types of multidisciplinary institutions: research-intensive universities, teaching-intensive universities, and stand-alone degree-granting colleges.
The regulator suggested that multidisciplinary universities would have 3,000 or more students. By 2035, all affiliated colleges are expected to become autonomous degree-granting institutions by going through various stages of autonomy, or completing the process of integration into a cluster to become a large multidisciplinary institute.
The draft guidelines call for collaboration between institutes to offer dual degrees. Under this arrangement, single-track institutions can integrate their programs with those of neighboring multidisciplinary institutions.
“Such a new and innovative educational architecture will help and strengthen the structure of multidisciplinary education and achieve what was envisioned in the NEP 2020,” the proposed guidelines state.
To offer dual degree programs, the physical proximity of institutions must be such that they can share physical and human resources and ensure easier mobility of students and professors.
Under the collaborative system, students can pursue their first degree at one institute and a second degree at another institution. At the end of the program, they will either receive a diploma from their home college indicating the courses taken at the partner institution, or they will receive the double diploma jointly by the partner institutions. In the case of collaboration between two colleges of the same university, the affiliated university will issue the degree, the guidelines propose.
The proposed guidelines further recommend forming clusters of single-track colleges with low enrollment due to lack of innovative multidisciplinary courses and lack of financial resources. State governments will continue to provide the same funds to government-supported colleges as they did before the cluster was formed, the regulator suggested.
The commission emphasized that collaborations, mergers and opening of new departments will only be done after obtaining approval from the relevant regulatory body and academic councils of these higher education institutes.